What is Tuberculosis?
1. Tuberculosis or TB is a contagious disease that can be fatal if not treated. It is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium bacillus discovered by Doctor Robert Koch on March 24, 1882 in Germany.
2. It is red, subtle and can only be seen using a microscope. Tuberculosis is a contagious disease that precedes the dreaded dengue and Malaysian society.
3. On 24 March of each year was declared as "World TB Day ".
4. The World Health Organization (WHO) report, generally one-third of the world's population is infected with the TB germ.
5. An estimated 90 % of the TB bacteria usually attack the lungs, known as pulmonary tuberculosis.
6. However, through the blood circulation, tuberculosis can also damage other parts of the human body such as the kidneys, skin, eyes, neck glands, bones and brain.
7. TB can be infectious when active pulmonary TB cough, sneeze or talk and will produce thousands of germs of tuberculosis of the lungs or throat are scattered in the air in the form of fine droplets.
8. And those who breathe the air containing TB germs will be at risk of contracting the virus.
9. Those who have a close relationship such as family members and colleagues TB patients typically are most at risk for having the disease.
10. Signs that someone is infected with TB:
A) A cough with phlegm for more than two weeks or more.
B) Sputum dengue fever.
C) Sweating in the afternoon or evening.
D) Experiencing chest pain, especially when coughing or sighed.
E) Loss of appetite.
F) Weight loss.
G) Easily tired and shrink weak body.
11. Among the measures of prevention of tuberculosis are:
A) New born baby must be given an injection of BCG vaccination.
B) Vaccinate second dose if there is no scarring and at the age of 12 years.
C) BCG is given free of charge in all hospitals and government health clinics for those aged 20 years and under.
D) If cough persists for more than two weeks, consult your doctor to test your sputum.
E) Family members or anyone living under the same roof with TB patients in the long term should perform tests.
F) Make sure your body is always strong and healthy so that it can resist the germs of tuberculosis at all times by adopting a healthy lifestyle and a good night's rest.
G) Open doors and windows during the day to perfect air circulation to prevent the spread of tuberculosis germs.
H) Let the sunshine into your home with the number as it tries to kill the TB germs floating in the air and hide in the corners of the house.
12. However, TB can be treated with treatment usually takes at least six months, even if patients feel well in the period.
13. In the first two months, daily treatment will be given.
14. Usually contains four types of oral medication, which was witnessed by a medical practitioner or any other person appointed as supervisor.
15. The next stage of treatment is done twice a week for four months and usually involves three drugs, also taken under supervision.
16. If treatment is followed regularly, the patient can be cured.