BIJAN

BIJAN
MKR with YAB Dato' Sri Najib

Friday, February 6, 2015

INTEGRATED FLOOD MANAGEMENT (IFM)

To: YB Dato' Sri Mustapa Mohamed.

Cc: YAB Dato' Sri Mohd Najib Razak

YB Dato' Sri,

i.. Floods to the Kelantan State in 2014 really gives a new dimension to the efforts and initiatives to prevent and facing this disaster in the days to come.

ii. Step by step we discuss and encourage discussion among friends and companions how to provide information to YB Dato ' Sri concerning the problems of floods and transformation segment that should be taken seriously.

iii.  As the representative voice of young people in “BIJAN”, I took a step forward some suggestions and opinions in confronting the problems of flooding in our country.


 A: FLOODS: AN OPPORTUNITY AS WATER RESOURCES Floods are one of the major disasters that repeatedly affect Malaysia.

1.. About 29, 720 square kilometers or 9% of the land area of the country is prone to flooding.

2. It is most probably attributed to the progressive change in land use as the country developed while the “DRAINAGE SYSTEM” remains inadequate.

3.  As a result of the increasing habitation and development of flood prone areas, they have become major society disrupting disasters.

4. The accompanying increase of assets makes floods the most SIGNIFICANT NATURAL HAZARD from economic damage point of view.

5. Because of population growth this process will continue, probably aggravated by climatic change. “FROM A RISK TO OPPORTUNITY” implies that in facing risk, humanity has the ability not only to avoid it turning into a disaster, but also to use the threat as an opportunity to TRANSFORM society into a HIGHER LEVEL of SUSTAINABILITY.

6. The means of TRANSFORMATION include increase of social capital in communities, promotion of development, both structural and non-structural, integrated with RISK REDUCTION and BUILDING RESILIENCY.

7.. In the case of “FLOODS”, this concept for sustainable prevention against floods should be completed by best use of comprehensive approach, including Integrated Water Resources, Management (IWRM) and Integrated Flood Management (IFM) principles like multi sectors catchment approach and stakeholder involvement.

8. This will decrease the flood frequency and magnitude and improve the quality of the solutions. In addition to this, and adequate strategy should be developed to cope with floods in the rare event when they occur.

9.. This approach should be based on RISK MANAGEMENT concepts, including prevention, preparedness, response and recovery measures.

10. In order to implement this approach, a paradigm shift is necessary from focusing on conventional methods, emergency response and recovery to risk management before disaster occurs.

11. This process should be supported by all means for better response to floods by taking advantage of their benefits while at the same time minimizing their social, economic and environmental risks.

 B:  DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR FLOOD MANAGEMENT.

 1. Flood situation required fast and accurate decision as every decision is very critical to save human lives.

2. Naturally, during this situation people made decision based on their past experiences by which their nerves and brain system will perceive the situation and mapped with their experiences to produce action.

3. This naturalistic decision making approach has been one of the attention in flood management research.

4. With computer advance, making decision and decision making on flood management become easier.

5. Integrating people knowledge with modelling tools, an intelligent decision support system (DSS) assist decision makers during different phases of FLOOD MANAGEMENT.

6. However, the DSS developed always become a debate among the decision makers, modeller, hydrologists, etc.

Thank you.

MKR,
Program Coordinator and Youth Chief. Badan Inisiatif Jalinan Nasional (BIJAN).

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